Use a modular file structure: Organize your code into different modules or components, with each module having a specific purpose. This will make it easier to find and understand the different parts of your codebase.
Use a consistent naming convention: This will help to ensure that your code is easy to understand and maintain.
Separation of Concerns: Keep your code separated according to the different concerns of your application, such as views, models, controllers, and database access. This will make it easier to understand how your code works and to test and maintain it.
Use a reliable Framework: Make use of a web framework that enforces a specific design pattern and provide a clear separation of concerns, such as MVC pattern.
Make use of Third-party Libraries: Use well-maintained and widely-used third-party libraries for common tasks such as database access and authentication, instead of writing your own.
Proper testing: Incorporate testing as part of your development workflow, this will help to ensure that your codebase is working as expected, and it will be easier to refactor, test, and maintain it.
Use version control software: Use Git or similar version control software to keep track of changes to your codebase. This will allow you to easily manage and collaborate on your code, as well as roll back changes if necessary.
Keep your dependencies updated: Make sure to regularly update the third-party libraries and frameworks you are using, and also keep an eye on any security vulnerabilities that may have been patched.